小升初一般现在时专项练习题

2016-11-17  | 现在时 现在 小升 

  1.概念:一般现在时表示经常的、习惯性的动作或存在的状态

  2.构成:一般现在时的构成主要有两种形式,一般现在时用行为动词的原形,但第三人称单数作主语时,动词的词尾要加-S。: 21世纪教育网版权所有

  (1)be型:句子的谓语动词只有be(am,is或are)

  a.肯定句中,只出现be,如

  I am a student.我是一名学生。

  b.否定句中,要在be后面加not,如

  She isn't a teacher.她不是教师。

  c.一般疑问句,要将be放在句子开头(注意句首字母大写),句尾用问号,答语用Yes,主语+be.或No,主语+be+not.如: 21cnjy.com

  —Are you ready?—你准备好了吗?

  —Yes,I am.—是的,我准备好了。

  (—No,I'm not.—不,我没准备好。)

  (2)实义动词型:句中的谓语动词为实义动词(也叫行为动词)

  a.肯定句中,只出现实义动词,如

  I get up in the morning.我早晨起床。

  b.否定句中,要在实义动词前面加do(does)+not,do(does)作助动词,本身无意义,常与not缩写成don't(doesn't),如: 21教育网

  I don't like vegetables.我不喜欢蔬菜。

  c.一般疑问句,要在句子开头加助动词Do(does),句尾用问号,简略答语用Yes,主语+do(does).或No,主语+do(does)+not.如

  —Do you like oranges?—你喜欢桔子吗?

  —Yes,I do.—是的,我喜欢。

  (—No,I don't.—不,我不喜欢。)

  3. 一般现在时的用法

  时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday

  现在一般时动词变化的规则是

  1.如果主语是名词复数和第一人称I、 we ,谓语动词不用做任何变化,即仍然用动词原型表示:We usually go to school at 7:30. 我们通常7:30上学去。[go]

  My parents give ten yuan to my sister every week.我父母每星期给我妹妹十元钱。[give]

  2.主语是任何一个单数名词或者是第三人称单数,谓语动词要进行必要的变化。特别提一点:不可数名词也算作单数处理。

  3.谓语动词的变化规律是

  (1) 在动词后加-s,-es read - reads,write - writes,say - says

  (2) 以s,x,ch,sh 结尾的词加-es teach - teaches,wash - washes,guess - guesses

  (3) 以辅音字母+y结尾的词变y为i再加-es try - tries,carry - carries

  (4) 特殊变化的词

  be (是) - am, is, are

  I am ;she/he/it,名词单数都用 is ; we, you, they, 名词复数都用are

  have (有) - have, has

  I, we, you, they, 名词复数都用have ;she/he/it is, 名词单数都用 has

  (5) 助动词,不论单复数、不论什么人称都没有变化,都用 can, may, must, need, ought to 等。而且,句子中有了助动词,谓语动词就不需要有任何变化了,即用动词原形表示。

  请看下面的例子

  Lucy is at home now. 露茜现在在家。

  We have six classes every day. 我们每天上六节课。

  I often get up at 6:30. 我经常6:30起床。

  Jack likes Chinese food very much. 杰克很喜欢中国饮食。

  We can see some pictures on the wall. 我们能看到墙上的画

  练习

  一、单选

  1. Where _______ Lucy come from?

A. do
B. does
C. is
D. are

  2. Most of the students _______ China.

A. comes from
B. is from
C. are from
D. come of

  3. We speak English _______ .

A. every days
B. everyday
C. very day
D. every day

  4. My math teacher _______ a big pair of glasses.

A. wears
B. put on
C. wear
D. puts on

  5. What _______ your father and mother________ ?

A. does, do
B. do, do
C. are, do
D. do, does

  二、用动词适当形式填空

  1. His radio is broken. It _______(sound) terrible.

  2. Did somebody drop water on the rug? It _______(look) wet.

  3. Every year my parents _______(give) me a present for my birthday.

  4. The club _______(send) her a letter every month.

  5. _______ your dad _______ (wash) his car once a week? Yes, he does.

  6. Lin Tao is a good student. He _______ (study) very hard.

  7. They _______( work) at the bank.

  三、用所给动词的适当形式填空,完成短文。

  Mrs. Black’s Day

  Mrs. Black often _______(get) up at 7:00 on Sunday morning. She_______(have) breakfast at 8:30. She _______(have) a little dog. She _______( like) to go to the park with her dog. At 10:50, Mrs. Black sometimes _______ ( wash) her clothes. At 3:00 p.m. she usually _______ (go)shopping. She often ______(make)supper at 6:00 p.m. She doesn’t _______(watch)TV at night. She _______ (go) to bed at about 10:30p.m.

  四、按照要求改写句子。

  1.Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

  Daniel _______ _______ TV every evening.

  2. I do my homework every day .(改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

  ——_______ you _______ _______ homework every day?

  ——No, I _______ .

  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

  ——_______ she _______ milk?

  —— Yes., she does .

  4. Simon is from Beijing.(同义句改写)

  Simon _______ _______ Beijing.

  五、用所给动词正确形式填空

  1.He loves________(read )newspaper.

  2.Nick goes ________(swim )every Saturday afternoon.

  3.Simon enjoys________(play )football.

  4.Mr Mu likes ________( walk) after school.

  5.Amy likes ________(talk) on the phone with her friends.

  6.Simon usually goes ________(run) for half an hour.

  7.Sandy enjoys ________(look )for things on the Internet.

  8.I don’t like________(dance)。

  9. Eric is a member of the________(read) Club.

  10.It’s a fine day. What about ________( play) badminton in the park?

  作业

  一、用所给动词的适当形式填空。

  1. My classmate _______ (know) the man on the bike .

  2. His sister usually _______ (go) to school at 7:00 am .

  3. Lin Tao ________ (like) his new sweater .

  4. Let me _______(have) a look .

  5. Let’s _______(play) tennis !

  6. ________he _______ (like) English ?

  7. I want _______(go) to a movie .

  8. He ______ (not know)the teacher’s name .

  9. Nice________ (meet) you !

  10. Can I ________ (ask) the policeman ?

  11. I often _______(help) my mother with housework.

  12. Uncle Wang _______( introduce) his daughter to us.

  13. He _______ (have) music class in Mondays.

  14. How _______ (do) he _______ (get) there?

  15. _______ (do) you _______(agree) with me?

  16. All of us _______( study) hard.

  17. He always _______( forget) to close the window.

  18. Grandma often _______(cook) dinner for our family.

  19. He often _______ (have) dinner at home.

  20. Daniel and Tommy _______ (be) members of the Reading Club.

  21. She and I _______ (take)a walk together every evening.

  22. There _______ (be) some water in the bottle.

  23. We _______ (not watch) TV on weekdays.

  24. Nick _______ (not do) his homework on Sundays.

  25. _______ they _______ (like) the World Cup?

  26. What _______ they usually ______ (do) on holidays?

  27. _______ your parents _______ (read) newspapers every day?

  28. The girl _______ (teach) us English on Sundays.

  二、按要求改写下列句子。

  1、Sandy has long hair in a ponytail. (改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

  _______ Sandy _______ long hair in a ponytail?

  Yes , _______ _______ .

  2、Simon and Daniel are good friends .(改为否定句)

  Simon and Daniel ________ good friends.

  3、We are in the school football team. (改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

  _______ you in the school football team? Yes,_______ .

  4、Amy likes playing computer games. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

  ________ Amy _______ playing computer games? No, she_______

  5、We go to school every morning . (改为否定句)

  We ____ _____ to school every morning.

  6、She is always ready to help others. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

  _______ she always ready to help others? No, she _______.

  7、 The earth goes around the sun. (改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

  ______ the earth _______ around the sun? Yes, _______ _______.

  8、He speaks English very well. (改为否定句)

  He _______ ________ speak English well.

  9、John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

  Where ________John ________from?

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《小升初一般现在时专项练习题》摘要:疑问句,要将be放在句子开头注意句首字母大写,句尾用问号,答语用Yes,主语+be.或No,主语+be+not.如: 21cnjy.com —Are you ready?—你准备好了吗? —Yes,I am.—是的,我准备好了。 &m...
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